10 Places to Visit in Rajasthan

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Rajasthan is the most popular tourist destination in  India in which thousands of tourist visit every year.

Here is the list of 10 places to visit in Rajasthan are:

  1. Jaipur

Jaipur is also known as  the Pink City , is the capital of the state of  Rajasthan  in  India .

The city was built in   pink stucco to imitate the  sandstone . In  1905  the  Prince of Wales  visited Jaipur. To give a proper welcome it was decided to repaint the buildings of the city pink. Since then, this color is considered a symbol of Jaipur’s hospitality.

It is a model as a pre-modern city in terms of the regulation of its streets. The city is divided into six neighborhoods, separated by avenues of about 34 meters wide. These neighborhoods are subdivided by barred streets. Five neighborhoods extend east, south and west of the neighborhood corresponding to the Palace. This last quarter included the palace complex (the  Hawa Mahal  or Palace of the winds), gardens and a lagoon. Jaipur is one of the cities in India with more history.

  1. Bikaner

Bikaner is a city located in northwestern India. It is the head of the Bikaner district, in the federal state of  Rayastán . Bikaner was the capital of the former  principality  of Bikaner.

Bikaner was founded in  1486  by  Rao Bika  (who was the sixth son of  Rao Jodha , King of  Marwar ). By 1465, Rao Bika had decided to conquer the lands of other Rajput clans  , and by 1485 he established a fort at Bikaner, which still exists and bears his name and from which he was able to create the city of Bikaner (the ‘settlement of Bika’) .

In the following years the created state was submitted to the mandate of the  Mughal emperors . Even the emperor  Akbar  married a daughter of King  Rao Kalyan Singh , who ruled until 1571, being succeeded by his son  Rai Singh . He was one of the most distinguished generals of Emperor Akbar, and was appointed first  rajah  of Bikaner,Getting to marry his daughter with the son of the emperor, Salim, who would be the future emperor  Jahangir .

During the  eighteenth century , Mughal power weakened, and Bikaner’s state intermittently clashed with  Marwar . Towards  1815  a rebellion of thakures  against the tyranny of the  maharaja  Surat Singh , who appeals to the British protection arose  .

However, in the following years the Thakur continued with uprisings; the rebellion of  1883  led to the permanent establishment of a British agency of  Rajputana .

  1. Jaisalmer

 

Jaisalmer “The Golden City”, in the Indian state of  Rajasthan . For a time there was the  state of Jaisalmer . The city is located on the crest of a sandy yellowish rock and is crowned by the  Jaisalmer Fort  which with 99 bastions crowns the hill of Trikuta [Three Peaks] of 80 meters of altitude. Inside the fort is the Maharaja Mahal palace, seven  Jain temples  and two  Hindu temples .

Many of the temples and buildings are sculpted with great wealth. The city is located in the  Thar desert and it has a population of around 78,000 inhabitants. It is the administrative capital  of the Jaisalmer district . Jaisalmer receives its name from its founder Rao Jaisal.Jaisalmer means “The fort on the hill of Jaisal”. Jaisalmer is often called “The Golden City” because of the golden color that yellow sand gives to the city and its surroundings which you can explore through the luxury train Palace on Wheels.

  1. Udaipur

Udaipur is a city located in northwestern  India , it is the head of  the Udaipur district  in the federal state of  Rajasthan . Udaipur was the capital of the ancient kingdom of  Mewar .

Udaipur is located at the foot of the Aravalli Mountains and is located south of Rajasthan, near the border with the states of  Gujarat  and  Madhya Pradesh . Known as the  “City of lakes” or the “Venice of the East”  because there are several lakes around it, including Pichola, Fateh Sagar, Udai Sagar and Swarup Sagar. Lake Pichola is the largest of these and is located in the heart of the city. It was built by Pichhu Banjara during the reign of Maharana Lakha around 1362. Between 1743 and 1746 it was built on this lake, on the islet called Jag Niwas, the royal summer palace,  Jag Niwas  or ( Palace of the Lake ) that today houses a luxurious hotel.

  1. Jodhpur

Jodhpur is the second largest city in the state of  Rajasthan , in northwestern  India . It is located in the  Thar desert . Popular tourist destination for its many palaces, forts and temples. It is known as the Blue City because of the color with which the houses are painted under the fort of Mehrangarh. At first they were houses of  brahmins , although very soon the color was adopted by the other  castes  because it was said to scare away heat and mosquitoes. Currently the new buildings are still painted blue for tourist reasons.

  1. Ajmer (Pushkar)

Ajmer or  Ajmere is a city in the  Ajmer district  in  the  Indian state of  Rajasthan . The city gives its name to a district, and also to an earlier province of British India called  Ajmer-Merwara , which, after the independence of India, became the  state of Ajmer  until November 1, 1956, when It was included in the state of Rajasthan.

It is a pilgrimage center for Sufi Muslims because of the presence of the sanctuary of Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti, while serving as a base for the views of  Pushkar , which is 11 km away and is an ancient Hindu pilgrimage site, famous for hosting one of the three temples of India dedicated to the god  Brahma .

The Hindus (practitioners of the  Hindu religion ) believe that the gods released a swan with a lotus in its beak. Where the swan drops the lotus, the god  Brahma  would make a great  iagñá . The place where the lotus fell was called Pushkar.

The locality of Pushkar is located 14 km northwest of  Ajmer  and is one of the five  dhams  (sacred places of pilgrimage for devout Hinduists). A Pushkar is also known as Tirtha Rash (‘the king of the places of pilgrimage’) and is a place frequented by foreign tourists.

Pushkar is one of the oldest cities in India. Seated on the shores of  Lake Pushkar  , its founding date is unknown, but the legend associates Brahma with its creation. In the  Puranás  (sacred texts of Hinduism) it is said that the god Brahmá did penance for 60,000 years to be able to contemplate briefly the  Radha  Krishna  (Hindu God).

  1. Jain Temples of Mount Abu & Ranakpur

The  Mount Abu  is a  mountain  of the  Aravalli Range , in the  district of Sirohi , State of  Rajasthan ,  India . Its old name was  Arbudaanchal . At its top is the city of Mount Ābū, of 22,152 inhabitants. It is a nature reserve, and a place of  pilgrimage  for  Jainism .

In  Hindu mythology , Mount Ābū was the mythical mountain of the  asura-naga  (fluvial genius)  Arbuda . It was the refuge of meditation of  Majavirá , founder of  Jainism , reason why it is a sacred mountain for this religion. Artistically, it highlighted by all  temples  of  Dilwara , the architectural jewel of Jaina art, built in a limpid  marble  white between the eleventh and thirteenth centuries. It consists of five  temples  type  nagara of which are those of  Adinath  and  Neminath .

The temple of Adinath ( 1032 ) is dedicated to  tirthankara  ( prophet  jaina)  Adinath , and was promoted by Vimala Shah Vasahi, minister of King  Bhimadeva I  of the  Solanki dynasty . It consists of a runway of 59 chapels, with an anteroom, a  mandapa  (prayer room) and the  garbha-griha  ( sancta sanctorum ), where an image of Adinath is covered with silver plates  .

The temple of Neminath (1230) is dedicated to the  tirthankara  Neminath , and was sponsored by the brothers Tejahpala and Vastupala, ministers of the kings Solanki  Vivadhavala  and  Bhimadeva II . It has characteristics similar to that of Adinath, albeit with a more morbid and decadent sculptural style, highlighting the magnificent  vault  of his  mandapa , which looks like “crystal drops”, according to  James Fergusson , one of the founders of the  Archaeological Survey of India .

Ranakpur  one of the cities of Rajasthan, is a small town and a set of temples near the town of  Sadri  in the  Pali district  of  Rajasthan , west of  India . It is located between the cities of  Jodhpur  and  Udaipur .

This locality is known mainly for the jaina  marble temple  , considered one of the  most spectacular temples of this religion . There is also a small solar temple in the area dedicated to the god  Suria  who manages the royal family of Udaipur and which was built in the 12th century but later destroyed and rebuilt in the 15th century.

  1. Chittorgarh Fort

Chittorgarh is a city and a municipality in the state of Rajasthan of western India. It is located on the Berach River, a tributary of the Banas, and is the administrative headquarters of the Chittorgarh district and an ancient capital of the Sisodia Rajput dynasty of Mewar. The city of Chittaurgarh is located on the banks of the Gambhiri and Berach rivers.

Chittorgarh is the home of the Chittor Fort , the largest fort in India and Asia. It was the site of three major sieges (1303, 1535 and 1567-1568) by the Muslim invaders, and their Hindu rulers fought fiercely to maintain their independence. On more than one occasion, when they faced a certain defeat, the men fought to the death while the women committed suicide through the jauhar (mass self-immolation). Chittor has also been a land of worship for Meera.

  1. Bundi

Bundi is a city in the Hadoti region of the state of Rajasthan in northwestern India. It is of particular architectural importance for its ornate forts, palaces and stepped deposits known as baoris. It is the administrative headquarters of the Bundi district. Bundi has many temples, so it is called “Chhoti Kashi” (Little Varanasi).

  1. Ranthambore National Park

The  Ranthambore National Park  or simply  Ranthambore  is one of the  largest national parks in  India , covering an area of ​​392 km². It is located in the  northern region  of the country, in the  district of Sawai Madhopur , about 110 km northeast of Kota and 160 km from the city of  Jaipur , which is also the nearest airport.

Know more about the Palace on Wheels train schedule before planning your trip. The nearest city and railway station is at  Sawai Madhopur , about 11 km away. The park is also close to the Kota train station. The Ranthambore National Park lies on the edge of a plateau and is bounded on the north by the  Banas River and to the south by the  Chambal river . It receives its name from the historic Ranthambhore fortress, which is inside the park.

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